Quranic Time: Islamic Cosmology & Metaphysics

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Time is a universal phenomenon that governs our lives, and its essence has been explored by philosophers, scientists, and theologians throughout history. The Quran, the holy book of Islam, presents a unique perspective on time that is intertwined with the religion’s cosmology and metaphysics. In this article, we will delve into the Quranic concept of time and its interdisciplinary implications with buku al quran malaysia.

What is the Quranic Concept of Time?

According to the Quran, time is a creation of Allah, the Creator of the universe. It is not an independent entity, but rather a component of the divine plan for creation. Allah has created time to allow humans to fulfill their purpose on earth and to test them in their faith and deeds. The Quranic view of time is based on the belief in the Day of Judgment, a day when all humans will be held accountable for their actions in the temporal world. This belief gives significance to time as a limited and valuable resource that should be used wisely for the benefit of the individual and society.

How is Time Related to Islamic Cosmology and Metaphysics?

Islamic cosmology and metaphysics are intertwined with the Quranic concept of time. In Islamic cosmology, the universe is viewed as a temporal creation that began at a specific point in time and will end in the future. The Quran describes the creation of the universe as a gradual process that took six periods or stages (yawm), which can be interpreted as epochs or phases. This gradual creation is believed to reflect Allah’s wisdom and purpose, as well as the complexity and diversity of the universe.


Metaphysically, time is related to the concept of divine will and predestination (qadar). In Islamic theology, Allah’s knowledge and will encompass everything that has happened, is happening, and will happen in the universe. This includes all events and actions that humans experience in their lives, including their choices and decisions. However, humans still have free will and responsibility for their actions, and Allah’s knowledge of their choices does not negate their agency. This intricate relationship between divine knowledge, human free will, and the temporal nature of the universe is a central theme in Islamic metaphysics.

buku al quran malaysia
buku al quran malaysia

The Advantages of Understanding the Quranic Concept of Time

Understanding the Quranic concept of time can have numerous benefits for Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Firstly, it provides a unique perspective on the nature and significance of time that can help individuals prioritize their goals and actions in life. Secondly, it offers insights into Islamic theology and philosophy, which can deepen one’s understanding of the religion and its place in the world. Thirdly, it can promote interdisciplinary dialogue and collaboration between scholars from different fields, such as theology, philosophy, physics, and psychology. Finally, it can foster a sense of unity and purpose among Muslims, who share a common belief in the temporal nature of the universe and the Day of Judgment.


In conclusion, the Quranic concept of time is a rich and multifaceted topic that has significant interdisciplinary implications. Understanding the Quranic perspective on time can provide valuable insights into Islamic cosmology and metaphysics, as well as promote personal growth and interdisciplinary dialogue. Muslims and non-Muslims alike can benefit from exploring this topic and its implications for their lives and fields of study.